Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) dominate the business scene worldwide, accounting for 95% of the total number of companies. Moreover, the studies in this field underline the importance of SMEs for job creation and economic development. In addition, SMEs increase competition in the market, which results in lower prices, improved product quality, as well as encouraging the implementation of new technologies for a continuous and constant improvement of products / services and the availability of the products, of the market and of new services.

If, at EU level, according to a study carried out by the European Commission, SMEs are the same as the global numbers (95% – including Romania) in Romania the companies that have revenues of over 1 million euros represent only 4% of the total active companies, but they represent the core business environment in Romania because they concentrate 84% of total local business revenues, 61% of total jobs and 74% of fixed assets.

An important thing to note – of the 4% – over half are foreign capital = corporations. Of the over 526,000 companies almost 190,000 have no activity, and of the 336,000, somewhere at 27,700 have over one million euros, as a share representing only 4% of the total active companies.
Small and medium-sized enterprises represent over 49% of the turnover of all Romanian companies, amounting to RON 1.263 billion annually, according to a ZF analysis based on data for 2019 provided by the Romanian Trade Register. But the fact that the more than 526,000 registered SMEs fail to do bigger business than the nearly 1,800 large companies shows how dependent the economy is on a small number of companies and how little oxygen the new “wave” of companies receives.

Ovidiu Nicolescu – representative of the National Council of SMEs (CNIPMMR) stated on 07/26/2019 that: “Romania is the only country in the European Union where self-financing is the main way of financing an SMEs, in proportion of 69.54%, loans being used by only a quarter of small and medium-sized enterprises, respectively 25.88%. This means that we are not developing. Self-financing, as a rule, cannot produce substantial progress. It helps you to stay or not to go bankrupt. Looking at the interest of any loan in the other countries and if we compare them with the ones from Romania it is clear that there is a lot of space (lending) where it must be done consistently, skillfully, based on dialogue because without strong credit we cannot performer. “
In addition to the financial “obstacles” to finding a job, the corrupt system or the bureaucracy, many analysts talk about the fact that many entrepreneurs remain “trapped” in areas that are no longer up to date and do not make a profit, they rely on the expertise of the employees who only have the experience of the respective work place. The fact that they does not invest in specialized courses or training of the employees and many of them go by instinct and do not resort to specialized business consultancy the level of adaptability and agility is very low.
In addition, a recent study by Advice for Small Businesses, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) which supports the development of SMEs, reveals that small businesses want to establish viable business strategies, but they access a specialist or a consultant in very scarce occasions in order to achieve this goal. Thus, the EBRD estimates a 55% increase in the productivity of an SME by implementing business consulting projects in: strategy, information systems, marketing, energy efficiency or operations. And Monasi Courses and Consulting is at your disposal.

Counties in Romania Total SMEs(small and medium businesses) 1st of Jan 2019 population SME desnity (SME / 100 locuitori)
Municipiul București 110,422 1,843,962 5.99
Cluj 29,669 701,258 4.23
Timiș 23,151 696,720 3.32
Ilfov 20,912 444,241 4.71
Constanța 20,783 681,054 3.05
Brașov 18,661 550,934 3.39
Bihor 17,945 568,969 3.15
Prahova 16,547 740,483 2.23
Iași 15,775 788,659 2.00
Argeș 14,931 595,764 2.51
Dolj 14,195 641,040 2.21
Mureș 12,961 543,726 2.38
Galați 11,778 520,058 2.26
Suceava 11,385 629,733 1.81
Arad 11,336 424,075 2.67
Bacău 11,129 600,549 1.85
Sibiu 10,790 399,982 2.70
Maramureș 10,326 468,333 2.20
Buzău 9,205 431,015 2.14
Hunedoara 8,671 398,950 2.17
Neamț 8,640 455,643 1.90
Alba 7,894 333,488 2.37
Satu Mare 7,469 338,181 2.21
Dâmbovița 7,241 505,219 1.43
Vâlcea 7,193 359,814 2.00
Harghita 7,142 307,555 2.32
Olt 6,604 412,491 1.60
Bistrița-Năsăud 6,483 282,495 2.29
Vrancea 6,293 330,937 1.90
Brăila 6,142 303,608 2.02
Gorj 6,074 327,537 1.85
Teleorman 4,983 355,281 1.40
Vaslui 4,893 387,525 1.26
Sălaj 4,888 217,331 2.25
Tulcea 4,655 203,196 2.29
Caraș-Severin 4,627 282,467 1.64
Călărași 4,563 295,505 1.54
Giurgiu 4,468 274,570 1.63
Ialomița 4,175 264,733 1.58
Botoșani 4,031 394,625 1.02
Covasna 3,776 206,279 1.83
Mehedinți 3,255 252,600 1.29
TOTAL 526,061 19,760,585 2.30
NB – All data is from the Romanian National statistics Institute

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