A Legal Row
While in England and Wales motorway authorities are required to keep legally recognised rights of way cards, in Scotland other legislation applies and there are no legally recognised registrations of rights of way. However, there is a National Catalogue of Way (CROW) produced by the Scottish Rights of Way and Access Society (Scotways) in collaboration with Scottish Natural Heritage and with the help of local authorities. There are three categories of rights of way in CROW: Northern Ireland has the same legal system as England, including the concepts of land ownership and public rights of way, but it has its own judicial structure, its own system of precedents and specific access legislation.  [dead link] Public rights of way often exist on the foreshore of beaches. In legal discussions, the foreland is often referred to as a wet sand area. The right of way is “the legal right established by the use or grant to drive a particular route through the land or property of others”, or “a road or traffic lane subject to such a right”.  A similar right of access also exists on government-owned lands, lands generally referred to as Crown lands, state lands or Crown lands. If a person owns land that is bounded on all sides by land that belongs to others, an easement may exist or be created to initiate a right of way through the adjacent land. As with the dry sand portion of a beach, there can be legal and political disputes over the ownership and public use of the foreland. A recent example is the New Zealand controversy over the foreshore and seabed, which revolves around Maori land claims.  However, the 2011 Law on Marine and Coastal Areas (Takutai Moana) guarantees free public access.  A walking trail is a right-of-way that can only be used by pedestrians.
A rider trail is a right-of-way that can only be used by pedestrians, cyclists and cyclists, but not by motorized vehicles. In some countries, particularly in Northern Europe, where freedom to roam has historically taken the form of general public rights, a right of way may not be limited to certain paths or paths. The term can also describe the priority of traffic, “the legal right of a pedestrian, vehicle or vessel to prevail over others in a particular situation or place.”  In the etiquette of the hiker, where two groups of hikers meet on a steep trail, a custom has developed in some areas where the group that climbs has the right of way.  In England and Wales, public rights of way, with the exception of the 12 Inner London Boroughs and the City of London, are routes where the public has a legally protected right to pass and re-pass. The law in England and Wales differs from that in Scotland in that rights of way exist only if they are designated (or can already be designated), while in Scotland any route that meets certain conditions is defined as a right of way and there is also a general presumption of access to land. There are also private rights of way or easements. To protect existing rights of way in London, the Ramblers launched their “Putting London on the Map” in 2010 with the aim of “obtaining the same legal protection for trails in the capital as already exists for trails elsewhere in England and Wales. Currently, legislation allows london`s city centre boroughs to create final maps if they wish, but none do.  The total ROW of 76 feet will allow for the development of vertical street parking, two-foot overhang and sidewalks and landscaping on both sides of San Pedro Avenue along the project`s façade between Condit Road and Murphy Avenue. Knowing the details and information about the right-of-way and easements associated with your property is important and required by law. It is crucial for the development and expansion of your land and property.
Surveying and civil engineering firms such as Godfrey-Hoffman & Hodge in Connecticut are experts in conducting professional boundary studies that determine the scope of land and land rights-of-way. So, before planning any developments on your property or buying real estate, first contact a professional civil engineering and surveying company to be sure that everything will be done right the first time and that you understand what rights you have or not. Another definition of right-of-way, primarily in U.S. traffic, is a type of easement granted or reserved across the country for transportation purposes, this can be for a highway, public trail, railroad, canal, as well as for power lines, oil and gas pipelines.  The 2009 law abolished the doctrine of loss of the modern grant and allows a user to claim a right of way after 12 years of use on private land owned by another, 30 years on state land and 60 years on the foreshore.  The claim must be confirmed and duly registered by a court order, an expensive process. The user must “enjoy without violence, without secrecy and without oral or written consent […] Owner”,, a reformulation of the age-old principle of Nec vi, nec clam, nec precario. Pipeline right-of-way is a type of ROW that allows services such as gas and electricity to use private land to operate pipelines critical to operation. This type of ROW is permanently linked to the deed of ownership and describes the restriction of the use of the land on which the ROW is located.
• A right of way (RANK) is defined as a rite of passage to the land or property of another person. In the Republic of Ireland, pedestrian rights to churches, called mass roads, have existed for centuries. In other cases, modern law is unclear; On the one hand, Victorian-era laws on easements protect the rights of an owner, reinforced by the 1937 Constitution, which states that a right of way must be specifically dedicated to public use.  On the other hand, those who claim universal rights of way point to a land-based anti-nobility position that has persisted since the land war of the 1880s.